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  ANSI Common Lisp   3 Evaluation and Compilation   3.4 Lambda Lists   3.4.4 Macro Lambda Lists Destructuring by Lambda Lists

Anywhere in a macro lambda list where a parameter name can appear, and where ordinary lambda list syntax (as described in Section 3.4.1 Ordinary Lambda Lists) does not otherwise allow a list, a destructuring lambda list can appear in place of the parameter name. When this is done, then the argument that would match the parameter is treated as a (possibly dotted) list, to be used as an argument list for satisfying the parameters in the embedded lambda list. This is known as destructuring.

Destructuring is the process of decomposing a compound object into its component parts, using an abbreviated, declarative syntax, rather than writing it out by hand using the primitive component-accessing functions. Each component part is bound to a variable.

A destructuring operation requires an object to be decomposed, a pattern that specifies what components are to be extracted, and the names of the variables whose values are to be the components.  Data-directed Destructuring by Lambda Lists  Lambda-list-directed Destructuring by Lambda Lists

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