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  ANSI Common Lisp   7 Objects   7.6 Generic Functions and Methods

7.6.5 Keyword Arguments in Generic Functions and Methods

When a generic function or any of its methods mentions &key in a lambda list, the specific set of keyword arguments accepted by the generic function varies according to the applicable methods. The set of keyword arguments accepted by the generic function for a particular call is the union of the keyword arguments accepted by all applicable methods and the keyword arguments mentioned after &key in the generic function definition, if any. A method that has &rest but not &key does not affect the set of acceptable keyword arguments. If the lambda list of any applicable method or of the generic function definition contains &allow-other-keys, all keyword arguments are accepted by the generic function.

The lambda list congruence rules require that each method accept all of the keyword arguments mentioned after &key in the generic function definition, by accepting them explicitly, by specifying &allow-other-keys, or by specifying &rest but not &key. Each method can accept additional keyword arguments of its own, in addition to the keyword arguments mentioned in the generic function definition.

If a generic function is passed a keyword argument that no applicable method accepts, an error should be signaled; see Section 3.5 Error Checking in Function Calls.

7.6.5.1  Examples of Keyword Arguments in Generic Functions and Methods


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