ANSI Common Lisp 22 Printer 22.3 Formatted Output 22.3.3 FORMAT Floating-Point Printers
18.104.22.168 Tilde Dollarsign: Monetary Floating-Point
The next arg is printed as a float in fixed-format notation.
The full form is ~d,n,w,padchar$. The parameter d is the number of digits to print after the decimal point (default value 2); n is the minimum number of digits to print before the decimal point (default value 1); w is the minimum total width of the field to be printed (default value 0).
First padding and the sign are output. If the arg is negative, then a minus sign is printed; if the arg is not negative, then a plus sign is printed if and only if the @ modifier was supplied. If the : modifier is used, the sign appears before any padding, and otherwise after the padding. If w is supplied and the number of other characters to be output is less than w, then copies of padchar (which defaults to a space) are output to make the total field width equal w. Then n digits are printed for the integer part of arg, with leading zeros if necessary; then a decimal point; then d digits of fraction, properly rounded.
If the magnitude of arg is so large that more than m digits would have to be printed, where m is the larger of w and 100, then an implementation is free, at its discretion, to print the number using exponential notation instead, as if by the directive ~w,q,,,,padcharE, where w and padchar are present or omitted according to whether they were present or omitted in the ~$ directive, and where q=d+n-1, where d and n are the (possibly default) values given to the ~$ directive.
If arg is a rational number, then it is coerced to be a single float and then printed. Alternatively, an implementation is permitted to process a rational number by any other method that has essentially the same behavior but avoids loss of precision or overflow because of the coercion.