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  ANSI Common Lisp   3 Evaluation and Compilation   3.8 Dictionary Evaluation and Compilation

3.8.27 locally Special Operator

locally {declaration}* {form}*    {result}*

Arguments and Values:
Declaration - a declare expression; not evaluated.

forms - an implicit progn.

results - the values of the forms.

Sequentially evaluates a body of forms in a lexical environment where the given declarations have effect.

 (defun sample-function (y)  ;this y is regarded as special
   (declare (special y))                                
   (let ((y t))              ;this y is regarded as lexical
     (list y
           (locally (declare (special y))
             ;; this next y is regarded as special
 (sample-function nil)  (T NIL) 
 (setq x '(1 2 3) y '(4 . 5))  (4 . 5)

;;; The following declarations are not notably useful in specific.
;;; They just offer a sample of valid declaration syntax using LOCALLY.
 (locally (declare (inline floor) (notinline car cdr))
          (declare (optimize space))
    (floor (car x) (cdr y)))  0, 1

;;; This example shows a definition of a function that has a particular set
;;; of OPTIMIZE settings made locally to that definition.
 (locally (declare (optimize (safety 3) (space 3) (speed 0)))
   (defun frob (w x y &optional (z (foo x y)))
     (mumble x y z w)))

;;; This is like the previous example, except that the optimize settings
;;; remain in effect for subsequent definitions in the same compilation unit.
 (declaim (optimize (safety 3) (space 3) (speed 0)))
 (defun frob (w x y &optional (z (foo x y)))
   (mumble x y z w))

See Also:

The special declaration may be used with locally to affect references to, rather than bindings of, variables.

If a locally form is a top level form, the body forms are also processed as top level forms. See Section 3.2.3 File Compilation.

Allegro CL Implementation Details:

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