3.1 Evaluation 3.1.2 The Evaluation Model 220.127.116.11 Form Evaluation 18.104.22.168.2 Conses as Forms
22.214.171.124.2.3 Function FormsIf the operator is a symbol naming a function, the form represents a function form, and the cdr of the list contains the forms which when evaluated will supply the arguments passed to the function.
A function form is evaluated as follows:
The subforms in the cdr of the original form are evaluated in left-to-right order in the current lexical and dynamic environments. The primary value of each such evaluation becomes an argument to the named function; any additional values returned by the subforms are discarded.
Although the order of evaluation of the argument subforms themselves is strictly left-to-right, it is not specified whether the definition of the operator in a function form is looked up before the evaluation of the argument subforms, after the evaluation of the argument subforms, or between the evaluation of any two argument subforms if there is more than one such argument subform. For example, the following might return 23 or 24.
(defun foo (x) (+ x 3)) (defun bar () (setf (symbol-function 'foo) #'(lambda (x) (+ x 4)))) (foo (progn (bar) 20))
A binding for a function name can be established in one of several ways. A binding for a function name in the global environment can be established by defun, setf of fdefinition, setf of symbol-function, ensure-generic-function, defmethod (implicitly, due to ensure-generic-function), or defgeneric. A binding for a function name in the lexical environment can be established by flet or labels.